Removal of tartar Keep in mind that despite the fact that every day we clean our teeth, plaque builds up. It is made up of bacteria, substances contained in saliva and food residues. At first, the pelvis is soft and hard to spot on the teeth. When it is not regularly removed (due to inaccurate tooth brushing), it becomes darker – especially for people who smoke cigarettes and drink a lot of coffee, tea and red wine. In addition, the microbes in the plate lead to problems with teeth and gums. Mineral salts (derived from saliva) are deposited in the sediment – it makes the plate change into hard rock. Patients often ignore the rock and do not remove it for years – but it is important to realize that its deposits are compressed into the gingival pocket that damages the ligament and bone (in which the tooth is embedded), resulting in tooth decay and loss. Both the deposit and the stone should be systematically removed.
Usually this procedure is performed every six months, in some patients it should be performed more often and sometimes once a year – it depends on the rate of deposit deposition, and this is individual.
In our clinic, such procedures (ultrasonic scaling) are performed by properly trained dental hygienists. Special modern equipment is used – vibrating tips that crush the stone to reach difficult places. The procedure is much more precise than manual removal of the stone (with metal tools), much more delicate and less risk of gum injury.
After removing the stone the hygienist smoothes the tooth surface with erasers and polishing pastes. This is a very important part of the treatment, because smoothing the surface causes the stone to deposit more slowly. After scaling, apply fluoride to the teeth – silicone spoon filled with a high fluoride preparation and applied to the teeth for 4 minutes. This will make teeth less prone to tooth decay and become whiter, because they do not have any discoloration after nicotine or tea, and thus the gums will be healthier. Sealing teeth
The treatment involves healthy premolar and molar teeth, since their anatomy of the occlusal surfaces due to the presence of deep crevices and furrows promotes bacterial retention at the moment of tooth eruption. These deep crevices and furrows are not sufficiently cleaned during hygienic procedures and are not rinsed out by saliva. The specific structure of these teeth and consequently the bacterial overgrowth causes uncontrolled development of the caries.
To prevent the development of caries, a preventive treatment of furrows is performed. It is completely painless and comfortable for the patient, made by the doctor.
First, the tooth is cleaned of any deposits and then a lacquer is introduced into the groove that cures with a polymerization lamp. In special cases (when the previous lacer is missing, diagnostic uncertainties are used), extended waxing involves the gentle opening of the groove with the drill and the application of the lacquer.
Indications for lacing: Individuals, depending on the risk of caries, dietary habits, hygienic habits – this is determined by the doctor.
fully solid molars (especially solid molars)
Molars and premolars with deep furrows
Molars and premolars in children with disabilities (problems with maintaining proper oral hygiene)
Make sure that the lacquer stays firmly in the root of the teeth (it is milky white and can be seen on the tooth) if it is detected in time (before the caries get into the furrows) you can repeat the procedure.
This method of prevention consists in applying solutions, gels and fluoride paints to the teeth. Fluoride released from these formulations is incorporated into the enamel and strengthens its structure, making it more resistant to plaque acids and increasing the hardness of the enamel. Fluorine also remineralises (regenerates) fine enamel defects.
The treatment is to put on the teeth silicone spoon, which is filled with fluoride gel. The preparation remains on teeth 4-5 min. The treatment is done 4-5 times a year.